By Leslie Miller Catholic News Service
ARLINGTON, Va. (CNS) — The U.S. bishops are urging Catholics to “pray, reflect and take action” on religious liberty in the United States and abroad during Religious Freedom Week June 22-29. The theme chosen for this year is “For the Good of All.”
The first day of the observance is the feast of Sts. Thomas More and John Fisher, both martyred for their Catholic faith.
“Religious freedom is under stress throughout the world. Even in our Western liberal democracies, discrimination against religion in general and Catholic Christianity, in particular, is growing — albeit in perhaps more sophisticated and less violent ways,” said Archbishop Thomas G. Wenski of Miami, the acting chairman of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops’ (USCCB) Committee for Religious Liberty
“Political analysts and human rights advocates do include religion on their agenda. But most emphasize ‘tolerance’ as if religion were only a source of conflict. Or, they speak about religion in terms of ‘individual choices,’ as if religion were merely the concern of an individual’s conviction and were devoid of any social consequences.
“Yet, just as freedom of speech depends not only on one’s right to say what’s on one’s mind but also on the existence of institutions like newspapers, universities, libraries, political parties and other associations that make up what we call ‘civil society,’ so too freedom of religion ‘for the good of all’ must also encompass protecting those institutions that nourish the individual’s free exercise of religion,” Bishop Wenski continued.
“The right to religious freedom has its foundation in the very dignity of the human person. Religious freedom is the human right that guarantees all other rights — peace and creative living together will only be possible if freedom of religion is fully respected.”
The U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops has prepared materials — in Spanish and English — about current issues and challenges to religious freedom that are available at https://bit.ly/3hNYfTU.
“What’s really essential is to be able to make decisions that are consistent with our beliefs,” said Jeff F. Caruso, founding director of the Virginia Catholic Conference in Richmond, which tracks current state legislation and spearheads advocacy efforts.
“Engaging in the public square is an integral part of our life in Christ and our baptismal responsibility,” he told the Arlington Catholic Herald, newspaper of the Diocese of Arlington.
Catholics are “called to make a difference for the common good,” Caruso said. “Whether it involves health plans or adoption and foster care, our beliefs and our services go together — they’re animated by the same faith. What we’re talking about is the freedom to serve consistent with our beliefs.”
Here’s an overview of issues the USCCB is highlighting for Religious Freedom Week:
– Freedom of conscience in health care June 22: Religious orders that work in health care, such as the Little Sisters of the Poor, increasingly face issues of conscience when asked to participate in or provide insurance coverage for medical procedures that go against the teachings of the Catholic Church, from certain types of contraception and abortion-inducing drugs to sterilization and gender reassignment surgery.
– Freedom to worship without fear June 23: The USCCB calls the recent rise in violent attacks on houses of worship all over the world a threat to religious freedom. The USCCB supports asking Congress to increase funding for the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s Nonprofit Security Grant Program, which provides grants to nonprofits, including houses of worship, to improve security.
– The Catholic Church in China, and rights of all religious minorities June 24: Since 2013, religious persecution in China has intensified under a government campaign to have religions conform to government-sanctioned interpretations of Chinese culture. Up to 2 million ethnic Uighur, Kazakh, Kyrgyz and Hui Muslims have been detained in mass internment camps since 2017. Other religions are affected, including the estimated 12 million Catholics in China. While the Vatican has reached a provisional agreement with China on the issue of episcopal appointments, reports of government persecution persist. Solidarity with people of faith in other countries begins with learning about their struggles. The USCCB offers a monthly religious liberty newsletter, “First Freedom News,” to help keep Catholics informed.
– Freedom of conscience in adoption and foster care June 25: The opioid crisis has put a strain on the foster care system. Yet while more children are waiting to be placed in families, a growing number of cities will not work with faith-based agencies that refuse to place children in situations that violate the agencies’ religious beliefs, such as with same-sex couples or unmarried heterosexual couples. The USCCB supports the Child Welfare Provider Inclusion Act, which would prohibit the federal government, and any state that receives certain federal funding, from discriminating against agencies on the basis that they decline to provide services that conflict with their religious beliefs.
– Freedom from government intrusion on the border June 26: The Diocese of Brownsville, Texas, has resisted efforts to construct a barrier wall on the southern U.S. border. The wall would run through land owned by the diocese, which will not cede it to the government. The diocese argues that freedom of religion means civil authorities cannot impede the church from its mission, which includes ministry to those fleeing violence and poverty. The diocese is defending its position with the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, or RFRA, a 1993 law passed with bipartisan support that protects against government intrusion. The law has been under attack; the USCCB urges Congress to continue to support it.
– Freedom for Catholic schools June 27: Education is central to the church’s mission, and Catholic schools have been significant anchor institutions in many neighborhoods, benefiting even those not enrolled in their schools. Catholic leaders have played a leading role in ensuring that all children have access to quality education. The USCCB says Catholic schools need the space to operate in accordance with Catholic convictions if they are to continue to be a source of vitality for our society.
– Peace and reconciliation in the Central African Republic June 28: The Central African Republic is one of the poorest countries in the world. After a long civil war that led to attacks on unarmed Muslim and Christian civilians, Cardinal Dieudonne Nzapalainga of Bangui worked with Christian and Muslim groups to lead an interreligious movement to counter rising hatred and violence with peace and reconciliation. The USCCB and Catholic Relief Services, the U.S. bishops’ overseas relief and development agency, helped launch the Central African Interfaith Peacebuilding Partnership, which supports programs to heal trauma, build peace, help citizens learn skills, and access loans to start farms and businesses. CRS also provides humanitarian aid to the thousands of wounded and displaced victims.
– Promoting a civil national dialogue June 29: A strong tradition of social teaching compels Catholics to be actively engaged in the building up of our communities and being involved in the political process. Yet today, many shy away from such involvement because political dialogue seems to be filled with harsh language and personal attacks. When a hostile atmosphere prevents honest debate, it only serves to further divide our communities. USCCB’s “Civilize It” campaign aims to help communities engage in more civil discourse. Go to civilizeit.org to take the pledge.